Aside from proper brushing and flossing, there are still several things that make up good oral health. The other structures in your mouth have their own roles to play. Along with your teeth, there are also the gums, oral mucosa, jaws, tongue, and salivary glands. Each of these parts has to be given proper attention and special care. Maintaining regular oral checkups is essential in maintaining good oral health. Read on as we learn more about these parts.
Gums. The teeth is supported and surrounded by pale pink-colored tissue called gums. Healthy gums cover the whole tooth root and should not bleed during teeth brushing. Gums play a crucial role in oral health, and requires regular care with brushing and flossing. Gum problems that are improperly handled can eventually lead to tooth loss.
Oral Mucosa. Just like your inner ears and nostrils, there is also a thin protective layer in your mouth called the oral mucosa. All the other parts in your mouth that are is not a tooth has a mucous membrane covering. The oral mucosa is important for oral and even overall health because is protects the mouth from bacteria and other substances entering it.
Jaws. The upper and lower jaws are the parts that give the mouth its overall shape and structure, and are crucial for both chewing and speech. The human jaw is made up of several bones: the upper jaw is made up with two bones combined together with the rest of the skull, whereas the lower jaw is detached from the rest of the skull.
Tongue. A special mucosal tissue that holds the taste buds, the tongue is a crucial part in the digestion of food as well. The tongue moves the food around the teeth to facilitate chewing and moves it back to the throat. Also, the tongue is important in speaking, creating different sounds depending on how it is shaped. Among babies, the tongue and jaw helps them breastfeed.
Salivary Glands. There are three different kinds of salivary glands found in the mouth and neck: parotid, submandibular and sublingual. Aside from being very important in oral health, each of these glands also contain special enzymes that help break food down. These glands also help protect the gums and teeth, rinsing away bacteria and food particles.
In order for you to properly care for your mouth and maintain good oral hygiene, it is important that you know and understand your mouth structure. If you want to know more about your teeth, mouth and its other structures, talk to your dentist now.
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